COMPARISON OF DEKTON WITH THE MOST USED COUNTERTOP MATERIALS BY INTERIOR DESIGNERS PART 1

The comparison between Dekton, Quartz and Sileston is common.

Quartz countertops are most popular for their excellent overall performance, but there is a reason Dekton was developed.

The key differences are that quartz and Siletone countertops can be damaged by heat and quartz can be stained or discolored by some foods and products, heat damage and staining is not an issue for Dekton.

An advantage of quartz is that it definitely won't chip as easily as Dekton.

Dekton can be installed outdoors, while quartz cannot be without discoloration from UV rays.
Both materials offer a range of popular colors and patterns, Neither needs sealing, care and cleaning are very similar.
Quartz countertops are available virtually everywhere, so installation is not a problem. However, Dekton is so new that it is not easy to find an available supplier and many manufacturers do not install this material.

Dekton and quartz countertops cost about the same price installed.

Granite remains the standard against which everyone is compared.

Granite countertops are not perfect, but in practical use, over the years it has proven that it pays to perform excellently.

However, Dekton compares favorably with granite, granite is very heat resistant, not sensitive to acids and does not scratch. Of course, it can get stained and usually needs sealing.
In practical terms, staining is not as big of a problem as most think, especially after sealing and while chips, pits and cracks can occur, these problems are relatively rare.

Dekton is also heat, scratch and acid resistant and does not require sealing. Stains can occur but are rare and are usually easily removed.

However, Dekton is much more prone to chipping and cracking than granite.

Granite has thousands of colors and patterns, each unique, Dekton has a limited color palette, although with several very attractive colors and patterns it offers formats that are difficult to find with granite.

Granite is also sold almost everywhere, and finding a quality manufacturer to install a granite countertop is fairly easy.

The importance of having adequate equipment to cut dekton and porcelain

Dekton, among other alternative stone materials, continues to grow in popularity for applications such as countertops, flooring, and both interior and exterior wall cladding. Being a hard dense product, it is crucial to use appropriate tooling during the fabrication process. Carlos Sustaita, production director for STA Granite, provides several important tips of advice for those working with compact sintered stone.

Why do products such as Dekton need special/different tools than those that are used for cutting granite and marble?

Material hardness is the key to understanding why you need different tools to fabricate Dekton. The material has a
very high density (ultra-compact), which means that if you don’t use proper tools, you can either break the tool or the material or even worse, damage the machinery.

The cutting process requires trimming the edges to release tensions. Then you have to follow cutting recommendations, which include using plenty of water, the proper speed, feed rate, etc. Once you follow the rules, it’s a piece of cake.
When doing edging on Dekton, What is the difference in the process compared to a natural stone?

In this sense, Dekton’s edge is very easy to work with since the material is very homogeneous, and it is easy to get very good results. Any fabricator can do it well on the first attempt.

What are some common mistakes that fabricators are making when it comes to cutting this material? And, what are some common mistakes with doing edging or doing sinkholes or something?

The main mistake is trying to fabricate Dekton as if it was a granite or quartz composite. You will fail if you use the same tools, speed rates, and so on. Another common mistake is trying to cut Dekton in uneven support. It is a common source of problems too.

Sometimes people ask about what machine is best to cut Dekton. I believe the key is not the machine but the tools and proper maintenance. I have seen people with very modest equipment doing amazing things and the other way around.

7 Keys for Cutting Ultra-Compact and Sintered Dekton and Porcelain Materials

1. Water

It may seem too simple or too intuitive to matter, but less than adequate water AND hoses positioned incorrectly is the most common error causing headaches among cutting these materials.
2. Check your table level

One of the more overlooked aspects of successful cutting is, to the degree that your table is not level in the horizontal plane, vibrations will occur. This unevenness can result in chipping and likely breaking the edge of your slab.
3. Buy the right blade

As cliche, as it may sound, choosing the right blade for the material you are processing, is critical.
4. Removing tensioning strips

While each manufacturer of ultra-compact and sintered porcelain materials may, or may not have tensioning strips built into the perimeters of each slab, if they are not removed before cutting, the slab is at higher risk of cracking or breaking.
5. Feed rate and RPMs

Using the same feed rate and RPMs you may be accustomed to when cutting other materials can be a recipe for trouble. Unlike fabricating more common materials such as marble and granite, we’ve seen the most success cutting ultra-compact and sintered porcelain materials when following a systemized approach is used.
6. Avoiding Plunging

While plunge cutting tends to be of little concern for most sawyers when cutting ultra-compact and sintered porcelain materials it can pose big problems resulting in cracking or breaking your slab.
7. Cutting Sinks

Projects requiring a sink cut-out can be an obstacle many fabricators dread. Since we already know plunging is not the ideal way to go about this, what are your options? When preparing a sink cut-out, it is advised to drill each of the four corners with a 1/2” core bit before to start initiating cutting.
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